Borough of Middlesbrough
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|Combined authority||Tees Valley|
|Ceremonial county||North Yorkshire|
South and East Cleveland
Stainton and Thornton
|• Total||20.80 sq mi (53.88 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 154th|
|• Density||6,900/sq mi (2,700/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
TS1, TS2, TS3, TS4, TS5, TS7, TS8
|ONS code||00EH (ONS)|
|Ethnicity||88% White, 8% S.Asian, 4% other|
The Borough of Middlesbrough is a borough with unitary authority status in North Yorkshire, England, based around the town of Middlesbrough in the north of the county. It is part of the Tees Valley combined authority, along with Stockton-on-Tees, Redcar and Cleveland, Hartlepool and Darlington boroughs. Nunthorpe along with Stainton and Thornton have statutory parish councils.
|North Riding of Yorkshire||Geographical||County borough||1889||1968||Merged into Teesside|
|Cleveland (county town)||Non-metropolitan||Shire district||1974||1996|
|North Yorkshire||Ceremonial||Unitary authority||1996|
From the county's creation in 1889 (from the historic subdivision of Yorkshire) areas under Middlesbrough's governance remained part of North Riding of Yorkshire county for varing amounts of self-governance. The final iteration of this governance was reconstituted as a non-metropolitan district in the county of Cleveland (the county itself governed from Middlesbrough) in 1974. Since 1996, for ceremonial purposes, the district is part of North Yorkshire as a unitary authority. Fire and Police, however, remain as well as the borough's placement in North East England instead of Yorkshire and the Humber, which large parts of North Yorkshire is in. It is included within the combined authority area of Tees Valley for strategic purposes.
Areas of the borough
The borough contains the following areas:
- Berwick Hills
- Brambles Farm
- Coulby Newham
- Grove Hill
- Whinney Banks
The borough is made up of 19 council wards (formerly 21 as Gresham ward merged with Newport ward between the 2011 and 2021 censuses) within the borough of Middlesbrough. Each ward has a non-statutory community committee. There are also two statutory parish councils for "Nunthorpe" and "Stainton and Thornton". East, north and west Middlesbrough as well as parts of Park End-and-Beckfield, Berwick-Hils-and-Pallister and Ladgate are covered by the Middlesbrough parliamentary constituency. South Middlesbrough as well as the other parts of the wards are covered by the Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland parliamentary constituency.
Teesside International Airport (formerly known as Durham Tees Valley Airport), is joint owned by the borough and the other four Tees Valley councils The council also owns multiple buildings in the borough.
|Year||Name of Mayor|
|Years||Name of Mayor|
The first mayor of Middlesbrough was the German-born Henry Bolckow in 1853. In the 20th century, encompassing introduction of universal suffrage in 1918 and changes in local government in the United Kingdom, the role of mayor changed and became largely ceremonial.
In 2001, as part of a wider programme of devolution, voters in Middlesbrough were offered a referendum to decide between a directly elected mayor or the cabinet system then in operation, with the traditional civic and ceremonial functions of the Mayors being transferred to the Chair of Middlesbrough Council, which they did so by a large margin.
In 2002, Ray Mallon (Independent), formerly a senior officer in Cleveland Police, became Middlesbrough's first directly elected mayor. He was re-elected in 2007 and then in 2011. Mallon chose not to stand for a fourth term in 2015 and his deputy mayor, Dave Budd (Labour) was elected to succeed him. Budd decided not to stand for a second term and in the May 2019 mayoral election, local businessman Andy Preston (independent) won with 59% of the vote.
The borough of Middlesbrough's total resident population was 143,734, by the 2021 The population of Middlesbrough as a county borough peaked at almost 165,000 in the late 1960s, however this has declined since the early 1980s before starting to recover in the 2010s.
Women in the former Middlehaven ward (absorbed into the central ward) had the second lowest life expectancy at birth, 74 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.
In the borough of Middlesbrough, 14.0% of the population were non-white British.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Middlesbrough at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added4||Agriculture1||Industry2||Services3|
^1 includes hunting and forestry
^2 includes energy and construction
^3 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
^4 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
Freedom of the Borough
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Middlesbrough.
- Joseph Calvert: 7 November 1919.
- L. Taylor – 30 March 1967 (deceased 23 May 1983)
- Monsignor Canon M O'Sullivan – 26 March 1968 (deceased 6 May 1978)
- Mary A. Daniel – 16 October 1974 (deceased 23 December 1983)
- Ethel A. Gaunt – 16 October 1974 (deceased 10 June 1990)
- Lord Bottomley of Middlesbrough in the County of Cleveland – 21 December 1976 (deceased 3 November 1995)
- E. A. Dickinson – 8 May 1981 (deceased 2001)
- Rose M. Haston – 9 May 1986 (deceased 22 January 1991)
- Arthur Pearson – 9 May 1986 (deceased 23 February 1997)
- Robert I. Smith – 9 May 1986 (deceased 23 February 1993)
- W. Ferrier – 16 June 1992 (deceased 4 March 2015)
- G. Popple – 16 June 1992 (deceased 10 May 2003)
- Len Poole – 16 June 1992 (deceased 15 May 2011)
- John Robert Foster – 8 March 1996
- Alma Collin – 15 March 2000 (deceased 2014)
- Hazel Pearson – 3 December 2003 (deceased 5 February 2016)
- Steve Gibson – 18 March 2004
- Jack Hatfield – 30 June 2009 (deceased January 2014)
- Mackenzie Thorpe – 11 April 2019
- Gareth Southgate - 28 July 2021.
- The Green Howards: 13 May 1944, transferred to the Yorkshire Regiment: 25 October 2006.
- The 34th (Northern) Signal Regiment (Volunteers): 29 April 1972.
- HMS Marlborough, RN: 15 March 2000.
- "Middlesbrough's coat of arms". Midlesbough.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- "Middlesbrough". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- "Middlesbrough Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Middlesbrough". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Local Election Results 2011 Summary". Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- "Borough and Parish Elections results - Thursday 2 May 2019". www.darlington.gov.uk.
- "Middlesbrough Parish information from Bulmers' 1890". GENUKI. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Local elections 2019: the directly elected mayoral contests". Democratic Audit Website. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- "Bolckow, Henry". Appletons' Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events. Vol. 18. 1886. p. 650.
William Ferdinand, a British manufacturer, born in Germany in 1806, died 18 June 1878. ... He was the first Mayor of Middlesbrough, a place which owes much of its prosperity to his energy and enterprise
- Up The Boro!. 2011. p. 9.
This was followed in 1868 by Middlesbrough's first Parliamentary Elections, in which Henry Bolckow (1806–1878) of the firm Bolckow & Vaughan wanted to stand for election, however this was initially blocked by the fact that he was a foreigner ...
- "Mayoral referendum result – Middlesbrough Council". Local Government Chronicle (LGC). 19 October 2001. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "2007 Mayoral election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 12 June 2017. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "2011 Mayoral election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 7 June 2016. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "2015 Mayoral election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "Dave Budd replaces Ray Mallon as Middlesbrough mayor". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "2019 mayoral and local election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 29 April 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "Middlesbrough Unitary Authority: Total Population". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Freedom of the Borough presented to Sir Joseph Calvert 7th November 1919". 11 January 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2020 – via Flickr.
- "Middlesbrough Borough Council" (PDF). www.middlesbrough.gov.uk.
- "England manager Gareth Southgate given freedom of Middlesbrough". BBC News. 29 July 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
- Craigie, Emily (29 July 2021). "Gareth Southgate awarded Freedom of the Borough". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
- Craigie, Emily (29 July 2021). "Gareth Southgate granted prestigious Freedom of the Borough after huge public support". Teesside Gazette. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
- Speare-Cole, Rebecca (30 July 2021). "Gareth Southgate: England manager given Freedom of Middlesbrough award". Sky News. Retrieved 21 August 2021.