264 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
264 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar264 BC
Ab urbe condita490
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 60
- PharaohPtolemy II Philadelphus, 20
Ancient Greek era129th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4487
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−856
Berber calendar687
Buddhist calendar281
Burmese calendar−901
Byzantine calendar5245–5246
Chinese calendar丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
2434 or 2227
    — to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
2435 or 2228
Coptic calendar−547 – −546
Discordian calendar903
Ethiopian calendar−271 – −270
Hebrew calendar3497–3498
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−207 – −206
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2837–2838
Holocene calendar9737
Iranian calendar885 BP – 884 BP
Islamic calendar912 BH – 911 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2070
Minguo calendar2175 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1731
Seleucid era48/49 AG
Thai solar calendar279–280
Tibetan calendar阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
−137 or −518 or −1290
    — to —
(female Fire-Rooster)
−136 or −517 or −1289
Roman expansion in Italy from 500 BC to 218 BC through the Latin War (light red), Samnite Wars (pink/orange), Pyrrhic War (beige), and First and Second Punic War (yellow and green). The Roman Republic in 264 BC is marked with all colours except light green and white.

Year 264 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caudex and Flaccus (or, less frequently, year 490 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 264 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Abantidas, the son of Paseas, becomes tyrant of the Greek city-state of Sicyon after murdering Cleinias. He either banishes or puts to death Cleinias' friends and relations. Cleinias' young son, Aratus, narrowly escapes death.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • The tyrant of Syracuse, Hiero II, once more attacks the Mamertines. They ally themselves with a nearby Carthaginian fleet and hold off the Syracusans. However, when the Carthaginians do not leave, the Mamertines appeal to Rome for an alliance, hoping for more reliable protection. Although initially reluctant to assist, lest it encourage other mercenary groups to mutiny, Rome is unwilling to see Carthaginian power spread further over Sicily and encroach on Italy. Rome therefore enters into an alliance with the Mamertines. By this action, the First Punic War begins and will embroil Rome in a conflict with Carthage that will continue for 23 years.
  • The Roman consul Appius Claudius Caudex and his two legions are deployed to Sicily, the first time a Roman army has gone into action outside the Italian peninsula.
  • Appius Claudius Caudex leads his forces to Messina, and as the Mamertines have convinced the Carthaginians to withdraw, he meets with only minimal resistance. The Mamertines hand the city over to Appius Claudius, but the Carthaginians return to set up a blockade. The Syracusans, meanwhile, are also stationed outside the city.
  • Appius Claudius leads his troops outside the city of Messina to defeat the Syracusans in battle forcing Hiero to retreat back to Syracuse. The next day Claudius defeats the Carthaginians.
  • The temple to Vertumnus is built on the Aventine Hill in Rome.
  • Three pairs of gladiators face off in the first recorded gladiatorial combat, held at the funeral games in honour of aristocrat Junius Brutus Pera in the Forum Boarium.


  • General Bai Qi of the State of Qin attacks the State of Han and captures the city of Jing, defeating its large garrison. He then captures various other towns and cities.[1]
  • The Confucian philosopher Xunzi visits the State of Qin. He writes of his and others' admiration for the government officials of Qin, whom he says are serious and sincere, free from the tendency to form cliques. The Qin officials are disciplined by a meritocracy of rather harsh methods imposed by the Legalist philosophy.




  1. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Basic Annals of Qin, Section: Bai Qi.