The Baroness Hale of Richmond
|President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
5 September 2017 – 11 January 2020
|Nominated by||David Lidington|
|Appointed by||Elizabeth II|
|Preceded by||The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Reed of Allermuir|
|Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
28 June 2013 – 4 September 2017
|Nominated by||Chris Grayling|
|President||The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury|
|Preceded by||The Lord Hope of Craighead|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Mance|
|Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
1 October 2009 – 28 June 2013
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Lord Hamblen of Kersey|
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
12 January 2004 – 30 September 2009
|Preceded by||The Lord Millett|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Lady Justice of Appeal|
|High Court Judge|
|Appointed by||Elizabeth II|
|Member of the House of Lords|
|Assumed office |
12 January 2004
|Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong|
30 July 2018 – 29 July 2021
|Appointed by||Carrie Lam|
Brenda Marjorie Hale
31 January 1945
Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
|Alma mater||Girton College, Cambridge|
Brenda Marjorie Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom from 2017 until her retirement in 2020.(born 31 January 1945), is a British judge who served as
In 2004, she joined the House of Lords as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She is the only woman to have been appointed to that position. She served as a Law Lord until 2009 when she, along with the other Law Lords, transferred to the new Supreme Court as a result of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. She served as Deputy President of the Supreme Court from 2013 to 2017.
On 5 September 2017, Hale was appointed under the premiership of Theresa May to serve as President of the Supreme Court, and was sworn in on 2 October 2017. She was the third person and first woman to serve in the role. Hale is one of four women to have been appointed to the Supreme Court (alongside Lady Black, Lady Arden and Lady Rose).
Hale became a non-permanent judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong in 2018. In June 2021, she announced her decision not to seek reappointment on the Hong Kong court after the end of her term in July, mentioning the impact of the controversial Hong Kong national security law. She was the first senior British judge to withdraw from Hong Kong's top court after the enactment of the security law in 2020.
Brenda Marjorie Hale was born on 31 January 1945 in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire. Both her parents were headteachers. She has two sisters. Hale lived in Redcar until the age of three when she moved with her parents to Richmond, North Yorkshire. She was educated at the Richmond High School for Girls (now part of Richmond School), where she and her two sisters were all head girls. She later studied at Girton College, Cambridge (the first from her school to attend Cambridge), where she read law. Hale was one of six women in her class, which had 110 men, and graduated with a starred first and top of her class in 1966.
After becoming an assistant law lecturer at the Victoria University of Manchester (now the University of Manchester) in 1966 and lecturer in 1968, she was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1969, topping the list in the bar finals for that year.
Working part-time as a barrister, Hale spent 18 years mostly in academia, becoming Reader in 1981 and Professor of Law at Manchester in 1986. Two years earlier, she became the first woman and youngest person to be appointed to the Law Commission, overseeing a number of important reforms in family law during her nine years with the commission. In 1989, she was appointed Queen's Counsel.
Hale was appointed a recorder (a part-time circuit judge) in 1989, and in 1994 became a judge in the Family Division of the High Court of Justice (styled The Honourable Mrs Justice Hale). Upon her appointment, as is convention, she was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE). In 1999, Hale followed Dame Elizabeth Butler-Sloss to become only the second woman to be appointed to the Court of Appeal (styled The Right Honourable Lady Justice Hale), entering the Privy Council at the same time.
In June 2013, she was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to succeed Lord Hope of Craighead. In July 2017, she was appointed to be the next President of the Supreme Court, succeeding Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury. She took office in September 2017.
In December 2018, during an interview to mark the centenary of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919, Lady Hale argued that the judiciary needed to become more diverse so that the public have greater confidence in judges. Hale called for a more balanced gender representation on the UK's highest court and swifter progress promoting those from minority ethnic backgrounds and with "less privileged lives". However, Hale objected to the idea of positive discrimination because "no one wants to feel they have got the job in any way other than on their own merits".
In September 2019, Prime Minister Boris Johnson prorogued Parliament over Brexit. As President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Lady Hale found that Johnson's prorogation was unlawful, terminating the suspension of Parliament. Hale described the ruling as "a source of, not pride, but satisfaction." In 2020, reaching the mandatory retirement age, Hale retired from the court.
Hong Kong judgeship
On 21 March 2018, the Hong Kong judiciary announced her nomination as a non-permanent judge from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal. Her appointment was accompanied by the appointments of Andrew Cheung and Beverley McLachlin. The appointment was gazetted by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam and took effect 30 July 2018 for a three-year term.
In October 2020, after China imposing a controversial national security law on Hong Kong, Hale expressed her concerns about hearing cases in Hong Kong: "I have never sat and it has not been arranged at least for me to sit . . . when that happened I would have a serious moral question to ask myself."
In June 2021, she revealed her wish of not wanting to be reappointed as a judge in Hong Kong after her three-year term ending in July. As she was making her decision known before a webinar, she also mentioned the impact of the security law and said, 'The jury is out on how they will be able to operate the new national security law. There are all sorts of question marks up in the air.' However, the Hong Kong Judiciary claimed that her leaving was for personal reasons.
House of Lords
In September 2023, Hale was identified by The Guardian as one of eleven peers who had not sworn or affirmed the oath of allegiance to King Charles III and could not sit or vote in the House of Lords until they had done so. Describing her appointment as a law lord, Hale stated: "I do not accept that I have neglected any 'duties' because I was not appointed as a parliamentarian", and planned to "play a modest part" in the Lords, having retired from judicial office. She made her maiden speech on 23 November 2023, citing "the disruption caused by Covid and [her] own diffidence about whether [she] could make a useful contribution" for not having participated in parliamentary debates since her retirement as a judge.
On 27 June 2011, Lady Hale gave a lecture in memory of Sir Henry Hodge, "Equal Access to Justice in the Big Society" in which she explains the benefits of an inquisitorial Tribunal system over adversarial proceedings.
On 2 November 2018, Hale delivered an SLS Centenary Lecture at the University of Essex, United Kingdom, on the topic of "All Human Beings? Reflection on the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights".
In a 2019 Girton College lecture entitled "100 Years of Women in Law", Hale described the "Brenda Agenda" (a neologism coined by her Supreme Court colleague Lord Hope) as "quite simply, the belief that women are equal to men and should enjoy the same rights and freedoms that they do; but that women's lives are necessarily sometimes different from men's and the experience of leading those lives is just as valid and important in shaping the law as is the experience of men's lives."
- She was appointed as a Queen's Counsel (QC) in 1989.
- She was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the Civil Division in 1994 upon her appointment as a High Court Justice
- She was sworn in as a Member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council in 1999, giving her the honorific title "The Right Honourable" for life.
- On 12 January 2004 She was given a Life Peerage upon being appointed as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She took the title Baroness Hale of Richmond, of Easby in the County of North Yorkshire. She sat in the House of Lords as a Crossbencher.
- The Law Building at the University of Salford was named after her in 2008.
- She received an Honorary Fellowship from Bristol University in July 2017. An Honorary Fellowship is the highest honour the university can bestow.
- She received the Hibernian Law Medal from the Law Society of Ireland on 12 May 2022 for outstanding contributions to the advancement of justice, integrity of the rule of law, independence of the judiciary and the legal professions, and/or public access to and understanding of the legal system.
- In 2021 "Lady Hale Gate", a passage leading from Chancery Lane into Gray's Inn was named in her honour. It is home to Gatehouse Chambers.
|United Kingdom||1989 – Present||Queen's Counsel (1989- 8 September 2022) / King's Counsel (since 8 September 2022||QC / KC|
|United Kingdom||1994 – Present||Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire||DBE|
|United Kingdom||1999 – Present||Member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council||PC|
- University degrees
|England||1966||Girton College, Cambridge||Starred First Bachelor of Arts|
|England||1969||Gray's Inn||Called to the bar|
- Chancellor, visitor, governor, rector and fellowships
|England||2004–present||Girton College, Cambridge||Visitor|
|England||2004 – 2016||University of Bristol||Chancellor|
|England||2015 – present||Law Society of the University of Cambridge||Honorary President|
|England||July 2017 – present||University of Bristol||Honorary Fellowship|
|England||17 December 2019 – present||University College London||Honorary Law Professor|
|England||2020 – present||Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford||Visiting Fellow|
- Honorary degrees
|England||2005||University of Cambridge||Doctorate|
|England||2006||University of Hull||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||July 2007||University of Reading||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||27 February 2009||University of the West of England||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||2009||University of Huddersfield||DCL|
|England||July 2010||University of Salford||Doctorate|
|Scotland||June 2011||University of Glasgow||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||July 2011||University of Kent||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||2016||University of Worcester||Doctorate|
|England||2018||York St John University||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||26 July 2019||Edge Hill University||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||2019||University of Bradford||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
|England||London School of Economics||Doctor of Laws (LLD)|
Memberships and Fellowships
|United Kingdom||2004 – Present||British Academy||Fellow (FBA)|
|United Kingdom||2017||Gray's Inn||Treasurer|
In 1968, Hale married John Hoggett, a fellow law lecturer at Manchester, with whom she had one daughter. The marriage was dissolved in 1992. In the same year, she married Julian Farrand, former dean of the law faculty at Manchester, and subsequently Pensions Ombudsman.
In September 2021, Hale appeared on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs. In October 2021 she unveiled a blue plaque in honour of Helena Normanton on 22 Mecklenburgh Square in London, saying "Helena Normanton was the pioneer of female barristers. She had to overcome a great deal of prejudice and discrimination. A blue plaque is a fitting tribute to her courage and her example to women barristers everywhere."
- Parents and Children (1977, 2nd ed. 1981, Sweet and Maxwell) ISBN 9780421279100
- Women and the Law (as Brenda Hoggett, with Susan Atkins, 1984, republished 2018, Institute of Advanced Legal studies, University of London) ISBN 9781911507109
- The Family, Law & Society (with David Pearl, Elizabeth Cooke, Daniel Monk, 2009, Oxford University Press) ISBN 9780199204243
- Mental Health Law (2017, with Penelope Gorman, Rachel Barrett and Jessica Jones, Sweet & Maxwell, ISBN 9780414051201
- Spider Woman: A Life (2021, as Lady Hale) ISBN 978-1847926593
- Senior Judiciary List Archived 18 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Justice.
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